Causes of joint pain and treatment option

Causes of joint pain and treatment option

Joints are the parts that connect the bones to each other. to help move or move the body If a joint is injured or damaged, it interferes with movement and can cause pain. The area where joint pain is most common is the knee area. followed by shoulders and hips But joint pain can occur in other parts of the body like the wrist or ankle as well. The older you get, the more likely you are to develop joint pain.

Joint pain can occur for many reasons. The most common causes are:

Arthritis can be divided into several types. The joint pain is often caused by osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is caused by deterioration or tearing of the tissues within the joint due to factors such as age or activities the patient performs. Another type, rheumatoid arthritis, is a chronic type of arthritis caused by an immune system disorder. And if the symptoms are severe, it can cause bone and joint destruction.

Gout is caused by the accumulation of uric acid in the body for a long time. This makes the joints swollen, red and inflamed.

Heavy use or injury to a joint, such as a sprain, torn tissue around the joint or broken bones

There are also other reasons that can cause joint pain, such as:

Bursitis is an inflammation of the sac of fluid that lubricates the joints, which can cause pain or swelling.

Dislocation is a condition in which the joint dislocates or disengages from its normal position. This causes pain and the inability to move the joints.

Tendinitis is caused by injury or prolonged use of the tendon. therefore causing swelling and pain

Infectious arthritis (Septic Arthritis) when the patient has been infected with germs Germs can spread to organs through the bloodstream and cause inflammation in the bones and joints.

Bleeding in the joints (Hemathrosis) is caused by injury in the joints. causing bleeding inside the joint

Autoimmune disease (Lupus) is caused by a deficiency in the body’s immune system that damages tissues and organs and causes joint pain from inflammation.

Cancer such as bone cancer, leukemia or leukemia

Joint pain treatment

Treatment for joint pain can vary based on the cause. Symptoms and severity If your doctor determines that your joint pain is caused by arthritis. Neither osteoarthritis nor chronic rheumatoid arthritis have a complete cure or potential for recurrence of joint pain. Treatment will therefore focus on prevention, pain relief, and keeping the condition from worsening. But if the symptoms are severe or the pain affects daily life The doctor may consider the patient undergoing joint replacement surgery.

Self care at home

Patients with early and mild symptoms can take care of themselves at home as follows:

Take a break from using your joints by avoiding strenuous or painful activities.

Wear a cast or support device to reduce joint mobility This will help reduce swelling and pain. Reduce friction or shock when moving the joints.

Apply a cold compress to the affected area, 15 minutes each time, 2-3 times a day.

Use an elastic bandage around the joints (Elastic Wrap) to help reduce pain and swelling.

Elevate the painful joint above the level of the heart. This will help reduce swelling.

Exercise regularly They may choose to exercise moderately. This prevents the muscles and joints from becoming rigid or stiff for a long time that may lead to numbness or difficulty moving the joints.

Other methods as recommended by the doctor such as warm water soaking and massage over the affected area. and stretching exercises

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